Below is a summary of the main risk for dental trauma injuries as per a review by Ulf Glendor.

Oral predisposing factors

  • Patients with an overjet of over 5mm

  • Lip incompetance

  • Protrusive nature of incisor position


Unintentional traumatic dental injuries

Unsurprisingly this formulates a large cohort of dental injuries. Patients prone to falling over (intoxicated or not) those who walk into inanimate objects or those that are in the way of a flying object are more likely to suffer with injuries.

Environmental Determinants-Material deprivation

  • Some studies show that the more deprived the area the higher the prevalence of dental trauma.

  • Overcrowded areas also have shown a higher risk of dental trauma.

Human behaviour


  • Children exhibiting risk taking tendencies are more likely to suffer with dental trauma

  • Children who are bullied also have a higher risk

  • Those children with showing favourable social behaviour had a decreased risk

  • Children who were hyperactive have a higher risk


Emotionally stressful states

  • Adolescents who experience unfavourable psychosocial environments had a higher risk


  • ADHD adolescents also showed higher risk

  • Obese children exhibited a higher risk

He liked the cream but he hadn’t noticed the coconut shavings yet

Presence of illness, learning difficulties or physical limitations

  • Epilepsy

  • Cerebral palsy

  • Learning difficulties

  • Hearing or visual impairment

Inappropriate use of teeth

  • Utilising front teeth as ‘tools’ such as to open bottles of beverages


Oral piercing

Patients with oral piercings are more likely to chip/fracture their front teeth


Iatrogenic injuries

One type of iatrogenic injury can be caused by intubation and is one of the commonest complications of general anaesthesia

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Traffic accidents

It was confirmed…his driving was rubbish.

Sports injuries

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Intentional traumatic dental injuries


The full paper can be accessed here.