Peri-implantitis is an inflammatory condition fuelled by the presence of bacteria on the implant surface. As such, in a similar manner to periodontal disease management, the removal of biofilm from the implant surface should result in regression of the disease process. The optimal manner with which this is achieved has yet to be realised. This may be unsurprising due to the relative surface complexity of the implant surface when compared to natural tooth root. Other management strategies include surface decontamination, the removal of implant threads known as implantoplasty, and in severe cases the need to explant. Favourable defects can be reconstructed utilising guided bone regeneration techniques. The current review appraises some of the techniques for the management of peri-implantitis.

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Peri-implantitis. Part 1: Scope of the problem by Alani

Peri-implantitis. Part 2: Prevention and maintenance of peri-implant health by Alani & Bishop